In the Name of God; the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful
Imam Sadiq (a.s):
“There is no step towards Jumu`a Prayer but Allah forbids its body from hellfire .”
Wasa`elu-Shi`a vol.7 p.297
1. Friday prayers consist of 2 sermons which should be delivered before the Prayer and 2 Rak`ats like Fajr prayers. There is also a Qunoot in every Rak`at of Jumu`a prayer. The Qunoot in the first Rak`at is before the Ruku` and the Qunoot in the second Rak`at is after the Ruku`.
2. The Jumu`a Prayer can only be offered in Jama`ah (congregational). The minimum quorum for the Jumu`a Prayer is 5 men including the Imam. Presence in Friday prayers is not obligatory for women and hence the minimum quorum will not be met by the presence of women.
3. Although offering the Jumu`a Prayer is strongly recommended, during the time of major occultation of the Imam Mahdi (a.f) it is Wajib Takhyiri. That means on Friday Muslims have the option of attending either the Jumu`a prayers, if its necessary conditions are fulfilled, or to offer Thohr prayers. Hence, if Jumu`a prayer is offered then it is not necessary to offer the Thohr prayer.