IMAM HUSAIN ISLAMIC CENTRE “Light of Guidance and Ark of Salvation”
November, 24 2017 - 11:16 AM 05 Rabi'ul Awwal 1439

Imam Muhammad Baqir (AS)

Our Imam was born in Madina on Ist Rajab 57 Hijri, died in Madina on 7th Zilhijja 114 Hijri (31.1.733AD) at the age of 57 years.

Period of Imamate 19 years.

Seeking of knowledge has always been highly emphasized in Islam. Allah (SWT) equipped His prophets with extraordinary levels of knowledge as a tool to enlighten their communities and to make clear to them the main purpose of life. In every other era, seeking of knowledge has been made obligatory on mankind because it is only through this path that the intellect of a man is strengthened and overall progress in society can be achieved.

Imam Baqir (as) lived in a very unique time in history, such that if it were not for the revolution in knowledge the Imam started, today we would not be the Shia we are, indeed, much of all we know in Islam has come from our 5th and 6th Imams. 

THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF THE IMAM (AS)

 

  • WHAT HAPPENED BEFORE IMAM MUHAMMAD AL-BAQIR’S TIME?

 

  • The people who took the position of leadership and government after the Prophet were harsh towards Ahlul Bayt and did not let them freely preach the true teachings of the Prophet.
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  • During this time, many narrations and teachings that the Prophet left behind were changed and manipulated.
  • This restriction against Ahlul Bayt continued for about 90 years after the Prophet passed away.

 

AT THE TIME OF IMAM AL-BAQIR

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  • The government was weaker because they were fighting amongst themselves for power, so they could not pay as much attention to Ahlul Bayt and their teachings.
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  • However by that time, many people had wrong information about Islam.
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    • Also, other people were making up narrations (what the Prophet said) so they could sell them and make money.
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  • As you can tell this caused the spread of wrong information about Islam.

THE IMAM’S REVOLUTION OF KNOWLEDGE
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  • People wanted to know the truth about the teachings of Islam. The only person they could find who could answer all their questions was Imam Baqir. That is because he was al-Baqir i.e. the one who knew all knowledge including the hidden knowledge that other people do not have access to. He was able to cut through fallacies and falsities.
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  • However, Imam al-Baqir, and after him his son Imam al-Sadiq (as) did not only use this opportunity to teach about specific Islamic studies. They set up a university in which they taught all different types of sciences and had students specialising in various fields of science and research. They emphasised to people that it is not only knowledge of religion which is important, but also knowledge of the contemporary sciences.

JÀBIR- A RESULT OF THE IMAM’S REVOLUTION OF KNOWLEDGE

Jabir ibn Hayyan was one of the students of Imam al-Sadiq (as), who continued the school established by Imam al-Baqir (as). Jabir was an amazing scientist whose contributions in many scientific fields, particularly chemistry, are widely acknowledged today. He invented several types of laboratory equipment, as well as many chemicals widely used today. He emphasised the scientific experimental method in his work in chemistry: “The first essential in chemistry", he declared, "is that you should perform practical work and conduct experiments, for he who performs not practical work nor makes experiments will never attain the least degree of mastery."
According to one modern western author, Imam al-Sadiq (as) would ask Jabir for certain useful inventions and Jabir would set about inventing these things. Apparently, Jabir invented a kind of paper that resisted fire, and an ink that could be read at night.
Jabir’s Inventions which are used in science today include, retort stand, hydrochloric acid, nitric acid and sulfuric acid.
 
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