Father: Mohammad al-Baqir
Mother: Fatimah (umme-Farwah)
Birth: Medina 17 Rabbi`ul Awwal 83AH
Death: Buried in Jannatul-Baqi Shawwal 148AH
Imam Ja`afar al-Sadiq (a.s) is the son of Imam Mohammad Baqir bin Ali al-Sajjad bin Husain (a.s) bin Ali Abi-Talib (a.s). He is a descendent of Fatima al-Zahra (s.a) the daughter of the Apostle of Allah (s.a.w.w) and Imam Ali bin Abu Talib, through Imam Husain, the martyred grandson of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.w). His mother is Fatima, the daughter of al-Qasim bin Mohammad bin Abi-Bakr.
Imam Ja`afar bin Mohammad (a.s) was born and brought up under the care of his father, Imam Mohammad al-Baqir (a.s), and his grandfather Imam Ali bin Husain (Zain al-Abideen) (a.s). From both men he learned the sciences of religion and the teachings of Islam.
After the martyrdom of Imam Zain al-Abideen (a.s), Imam al-Baqir (a.s) was the Imam of Muslims. Before his martyrdom, he passed the Imamate to Imam Ja`afar al-Sadiq (a.s). He became the authority of jurispudents, scholars and preachers.
He graduated hundreds of scholars versed in Islamic sciences and Prophetic traditions. He made the mosque of Madina a university to spread Islamic ideology. Scholars and preachers gave their testimonies in acknowledgement of his great standing and abundant knowledge.
“Never have I seen scholars less knowledgeable in the presence of a man like Abu Ja`afar al Sadiq…..” Ata`, a well known scholar, Sibt bin al-Jawzi. Tadhkirat al-Khawas (Admonishing Prominent People)
Ibn Sa`d says: “He was a trustworthy, knowledgeable and the communicator of a plethora of traditions.”
If we understood the status of Imam Mohammad al-Baqir (a.s), under whose care Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) was brought up and from who he learned the teachings of Islam, and if we understand, though our study of the lives of Ahlul-Bayt (a.s), that Imam al-Baqir (a.s) was brought up and taught Islamic Sciences by his father, Imam al-Sajjad (a.s), and that Imam al-Sajjad (a.s) was nurtured by his father, Imam Husain (a.s), and that Imam Husain (a.s) was brought up and taught Islamic sciences by his father, the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali bin Abu Talib (a.s), and that Imam Ali was brought up and taught by the Apostle of Allah (s.a.w.w). We can see a greater meaning.